Computer systems can still be made to be more powerful, and even with Moore's Law ending, manufacturers will still continue to build more physically powerful computer systems - just at a slower rate.
— Moore's Law — the ability to pack twice as many transistors on the same sliver of silicon every two years — will come to an end as soon as 2020 at the 7nm node, said a keynoter at the Hot Chips conference here.
The number of transistors incorporated in a chip will approximately double every 24 months. This rate was again modified to a doubling over roughly 18 months. In its 24 month guise, Moore's Law has continued unabated for 50 years, with an overall advance of a factor of roughly 231, or 2 billion.
Moore's Law is being replaced by Neven's Law. Neven's law is named after Hartmut Neven, the director of Google's Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab.
IBM aims to replace silicon transistors with carbon nanotubes to keep up with Moore's Law. A carbon nanotube that would replace a silicon transistor.
Why CPU Clock Speed Isn't Increasing: Heat and Power
This means more transistors can be packed into a processor. ... Transistors have become so small that Dennard scaling no longer holds. Transistors shrink, but the power required to run them increases. Thermal losses are also a major factor in chip design.